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  • Where Chinese Civilization Is Nurtured – 6 Days
Departures - Every Saturday from March 21st 2020 to March 19th 2022

Program Type

Escorted Experience

Detailed Itinerary

Upon your arrival, you should proceed to the exit, where a guide is waiting to transfer you to the hotel.

Xi’an has been home to the capital of 13 kingdoms during the feudal period that occupied China for 2,000 years, and the city itself, named Chang An at that time, reached its utmost prosperity when it was the capital of Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD). It is the largest city in Northwest China and has gained its international popularity since the excavation of Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses.

The first stop on today’s itinerary is Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses, acclaimed as the biggest archeological find of 20th Century worldwide. It represents the supreme level of funerary art throughout the ancient civilization in China as well as in the world. Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China, ordered the building of his mausoleum to be started as soon as he ascended the throne, in the year 246 BC. The project eventually involved 700,000 workers and the warriors, chariots and horses made of terra cotta was designed, moulded and fired to its original sizes, and finally buried with the emperor to protect him in his afterlife.

Then you will head back downtown and explore the lively Muslim neighborhoods in the afternoon. The history of this Muslim quarter in Xi’an dates back to Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), when Muslim merchants came and aggregated in Chang An via Silk Road. This enclave has been constantly expanded during the successive dynasties and half of the Muslim population in Xi’an currently resides here. This is one of the busiest places in Xi’an due to numerous food stands lining along the two sides of the roads within the enclave and the unique culture nurtured by its history.

The inner city of Xi’an is completely walled and the wall, known as Xi’an City Wall, stretches over a total length of 14 kilometers in rectangular shape. The wall was first built in the early years of Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644 AD) to mainly serve the purposes of military defense and food storage. The wall fulfilled its function as the local residents took shelter there during the Second World War, when the Japanese carried out air bombings from 1937 to 1940. Having been refurbished and maintained from time to time within hundreds of years, the wall comes to its present existence. Along the top of the wall is a walkway paved with stones and bricks. As you walk on it, you can take in sight of various views of the city. The bicycle rental service is available on the wall and it offers another option of visiting the wall.

Your second stop today and the final place to visit in this ancient capital is Big Wild Goose Pagoda. It was built in 652 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD) to hold sutras and figurines of the Buddha that were brought to China from India by the Buddhist translator and traveler Xuanzang. It represents the introduction of Buddhist architecture and culture into China from India and integration into Chinese civilization.

You will spend a leisure afternoon at Tangbo Art Museum, where you can browse the works of traditional folk arts, ancient paintings displayed as well as the exhibition of contemporary artists held periodically. You will attend a lecture about Chinese calligraphy and create your own masterpiece there.

At the end of the tour, you will be transferred to the railway station with the escort of the guide and the driver. A 1.5-hour high speed train takes you to the next destination in your itinerary - Luoyang. Upon your arrival, you should proceed to the exit, where a guide is there to transfer you to the hotel

Archaeological evidence shows that human settlement has emerged in Luoyang since 5 to 600,000 years ago during Paleolithic age. It was then established as the capital of Xia Dynasty (1735 – 1540 BC), the first ancient monarchy in Chinese history, and remained as the capital during most of the succeeding dynasties until Emperor Qin Shihuang unified the country in 221 BC and moved the capital to Xi’an. That is why it is commonly believed to be the place where Chinese civilization has originated.

On the cliffs of Xiangshan and Longmenshan that stand east and west of Yi River flowing northward, over 2,000 caves have been dug and nearly 100,000 Buddha statues carved as outside rock reliefs. The project of Longmen Grottoes commenced from 493 AD during the reign of Emperor Xiaowen in Northern Wei Dynasty (386 – 534 AD) and lasted for 400 years with the last massive construction completed during Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD).

The grottoes itself consists in a museum of stone art, depicting the political, economic and cultural trends of the times when the statues were carved out and painted, and preserving physical objects and written materials of religion, art, architecture, calligraphy, music, dressing styles, medicine and etc..

Next you will embark on a half-hour transfer to reach another architectural marvel with a history of over 1,900 years – White Horse Temple.

Emperor Mingdi of Eastern Han Dynasty (25 – 220 AD) had sent envoys to India, who in turn invited two monks and brought Buddhist scriptures back to China. This was how Buddhism was first introduced into China. The next year a temple was ordered to be built to house these scriptures and statues, and serves as the place where the monks translated the documents into Chinese. It was given the name as the scriptures were carried by white horses when the envoys and the monks traveled all the way from India back to China.

The first 200 years of Buddhism’s introduction and spreading in China was all associated with White Horse Temple and thus it is undoubtedly considered as the birthplace of Chinese Buddhism.

Seasonal offer:

There has been a history of over 1500 years to grow peony for ornamental purpose in China. The cultivation of this flower in Luoyang can be dated back as early as to 1,300 years ago during the reign of Yangdi of Sui Dynasty (581 – 619 AD). It has been greatly favoured by royal families as the corolla can reach 30 centimeters in diameter with a variety of bright colors while in full blossom, perfectly embodying power and superiority of the royal court. Peony is featured in quite a few poems known household all over the country. The clear division between each season and fertile soil rich in trace elements in Luoyang provide ideal climate and geological conditions for the breeding and growth of peony flower. ‘Peony Festival’ is held annually in Luoyang during Apr 10 - 25th when the flower is blossoming and 800,000 plants in 360 varieties can be found in over 10 large plantations around the city.

During other time of the year when Peony Festival is not available, you will be given free time to explore the markets filled with numerous food stalls and shops selling local handicrafts behind the grand Lijing Gate, a 4-storey fortress wall that used to serve as the West Gate of the walled city Luoyang in ancient times. The current architecture is a restoration of the original one first built in Sui Dynasty (581 – 619 AD), then destroyed and rebuilt from time to time during the following dynasties. A panoramic view of Luoyang is available on top of the fortress tower

A two-hour drive takes you to Shaolin Temple this morning and you will spend the rest of the daytime to explore this massive temple complex, home to the Chan sect Buddhism and Chinese martial arts.

With main structure occupying an area of 57,600 square kilometers, Shaolin Temple was initially built in 495 AD by Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei Dynasty (386 – 534 AD) to accommodate a Chan sect master who came from India to China to spread Buddhist teachings. It was then enlarged and developed in early Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD) in recognition of its contribution to defend enemies for the royal court. It prospered in Tang (618 – 907 AD) and Song (960 – 1279 AD) Dynasties with ownership of nearly 1,000 hectares’ farmland, 40 hectares’ courtyard, 5,000 buildings and 2,000 disciples.

Shaolin Temple has earned itself international fame during the past several decades and been visited by presidents, prime ministers as well as celebrities from sports and film industries. Shaolin Kungfu has been filmed and documented from time to time.

During this trip, you will have the opportunity to visit the main architectures of the temple, watch a Kungfu demonstration and involve yourself in learning a couple of moves from the monks with a special request made and extra cost charged.

Head back to Luoyang for overnight at the end of the day.

After breakfast, you will be transferred to the airport to catch the flight for next destination or back home.


High speed train Xi’an/Luoyang incl tax on economy class.
Superior 4* or Deluxe 5* hotel accommodation at all the destinations in the itinerary incl daily breakfast.
11 to 35-seat van/coach throughout the itinerary for all transfers & day tours.
All admission to the attractions listed in the above itinerary.
Lunches & dinners specified in the above itinerary.
English-speaking local guides.


Chinese visa.
Flight/train/cruise into the first destination & out of the last in the above itinerary.
Personal expense.
Gratuities to the guides, the drivers, the hotel bellboys and etc.


Hotel Accommodations / Select Hotels
4-star Hotels & Cruise:
Grand Park Xi’an, 2 nights;
Hyatt Place Luoyang, 3 nights.

5-star Hotels & Cruise:
Wyndham Grand Xi’an South, 2 nights;
Hyatt Place Luoyang, 3 nights.

Dates Of Travel

2020 2021 2022
March 21, 2020 March 13, 2021 March 12, 2022
March 28, 2020 March 20, 2021 March 19, 2022
April 04, 2020 March 27, 2021  
April 11, 2020 April 03, 2021  
April 18, 2020 April 10, 2021  
April 25, 2020 April 17, 2021  
May 02, 2020 April 24, 2021  
May 09, 2020 May 01, 2021  
May 16, 2020 May 08, 2021  
May 23, 2020 May 15, 2021  
May 30, 2020 May 22, 2021  
June 06, 2020 May 29, 2021  
June 13, 2020 June 05, 2021  
June 20, 2020 June 12, 2021  
June 27, 2020 June 19, 2021  
July 04, 2020 June 26, 2021  
July 11, 2020 July 03, 2021  
July 18, 2020 July 10, 2021  
July 25, 2020 July 17, 2021  
August 01, 2020 July 24, 2021  
August 08, 2020 July 31, 2021  
August 15, 2020 August 07, 2021  
August 22, 2020 August 14, 2021  
August 29, 2020 August 21, 2021  
September 05, 2020 August 28, 2021  
September 12, 2020 September 04, 2021  
September 19, 2020 September 11, 2021  
September 26, 2020 September 18, 2021  
October 03, 2020 September 25, 2021  
October 10, 2020 October 02, 2021  
October 17, 2020 October 09, 2021  
October 24, 2020 October 16, 2021  
October 31, 2020 October 23, 2021  
November 07, 2020 October 30, 2021  
November 14, 2020 November 06, 2021  
November 21, 2020 November 13, 2021  
November 28, 2020 November 20, 2021  
  November 27, 2021  

Trip Highlights

Great Wall Retreat · Hanging Monastery · Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses · Longmen Grottoes · Shaolin Temple · The Bund

Departure Period

21 Mar, 2020 to 19 Mar, 2022
AUD 1,725 P P twin share
AUD 2,420 P P single

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